‘Space Force’ As Sixth Military Branch- A new Plan by Trump

President Trump while addressing the West Point football team at the White House in this month expressed his views of adding space force as one of the military branches. It will be able to conduct warfighting missions beyond the Earth’s atmosphere. Trump is endowing his ideas of the military for a long time and has expressed the same thing while delivering a speech to military members in California. This proposal received congressional support earlier but today is facing a lot of criticism from the Pentagon. The creation of such a force would mark the first new military branch since the Air Force was established in 1947.

Trump in another conference said,” “I was saying it the other day – ’cause we’re doing a tremendous amount of work in space – I said, maybe we need a new force. We’ll call it the space force”. He further added and said I was not serious regarding the concept at that time but later I said what a great idea. Maybe we’ll have to do that in the future. 

Terry Virts, the former commander of International Space Station and a 30-year veteran of the U.S. Air Force told that military had conducted operations in space for a long time and if the things are coming, we will not hesitate to proceed with it further. Virts further told that militarizing the space has already done 50 years ago and every nation on Earth that has a significant military has some space component to it as well. It makes the military more effective and more influential. 

Terris Virts also told that U.S Air Force Space Command is that division of the Air Force which handles most of the country’s military operations in space. It employees around 36,000 people at more than 130 sites all around the world. With the major priority to look after the GPS, weather and communication satellites this division is looking after the most essential parts of the space world which are also called as space situational awareness. Virt says,” They track objects in space and keep track of what other countries are doing in space. There’s a lot of what happens in space that directly affects combat operations in the Army or Air Force or Navy.”

But Pentagon since a long time is opposing the idea of creating a space force and the major reason behind are the leaders who argue that it would lead to making the Defense Department bureaucracy more complicated.

Ohio State University’s first satellite got launched

Picture credited by NASA

Ohio State University has done a significant progress in the recent past in the field of space science and technology. And now with it’s first-ever launch of satellite it is going out of this world. In the Monday morning the researchers of the university dealing with the mission successfully launched their first satellite into the space. The leader of the project Joel Johnson who is the professor and chair of electrical engineering (ECE) at Ohio State subjected the whole mission in highly fruitful ways and make it a success. 

The Ohio State University’s satellite is named as CubeRRT which is based after the popular “Q-Bert” arcade game of the 80s. The satellite is the size of shoe box but is equipped with every essential element that would help in observing the earth’s atmosphere. Joel Johnson said “CubeSat Radiometer Radio Frequency Interference Technology Validation mission (CubeRRT) contains advanced sensors for observing Earth’s environment from space.” It is designed in such a way that it could solve the primary problems of researchers by breaking though noise radio transmission. It used to interfere with detecting what all is happening on the Earth from space. 

Johnson being one of the most intellectual persons of the filed explained that scientists study the natural microwave frequencies which are emitted by the Earth with the help of sensors called as radiometers. All the observation and data incurred by these radiometers are used to determine a large number of information related to soil moisture, sea temperature, sea ice coverage, weather and much more. As the need for wireless services worldwide continues to increase, Johnson said, the growth of man-made radio transmissions is making it increasingly difficult to detect Earth’s natural microwave radiation. This influx is called radio frequency interference, or RFI.

Ohio State University hopes that the advanced sensors of their newly launched satellite CubeRRT will provide a great information without disrupting the frequencies. It will be able to demonstrate a new processing technology that will receive earth’s frequencies and didn’t interfere with the radio transmissions. The project was leaded by Joel Johnson in very impressive ways and this is the reason why the whole mission becomes a success and the launch was finally made. 

The CubeRRT will arrive at the ISS on Thursday for further assembly. It will be launched into orbit from the ISS this summer.

Russia’s New Satellite Framework May Give Internet around The World

The new inventions of space science have constantly been helping us to stay in a better world. The new edge technologies and progressive approaches are accumulating some interesting options to nurture. 

A recent piece of news has confirmed that satellites are going to launch to augment the internet service. This idea has initially been crafted by the reputed Skif System of Russia. Since the dawn of space science, Russia has always taken a leading stand. Therefore, Russian space researches have come out with inconceivable ideas to take our lives a mile forward. Scientific experiments regarding satellites are their exciting fortes and the latest piece of information from Viktor Doniants, CEO of Skif system have explained how the idea of speedy internet through more satellites would take place.

Satellites of the Skif framework, will, in the long run, have the capacity to offer World Wide Web interchanges over the planet. For this reason, almost twelve Skif satellites will be required. The low-circle satellite gathering is intended to give Internet administrations at a speed of up to fifteen Gb per seconds essentially into a great degree remote and inadequately populated Arctic zones, to which it is incapable to lay fiber-optic correspondences lines. The framework is being created based on the Express 1000 medium-class stage, which has been produced by Information Satellite Systems Company. 

The company is about to dispatch the initial six satellites and cover everything that is over forty-five degrees north scope and beneath forty-five degrees south scope and it will be available continually all the day long. In tropical zones, the particular initiative will have breaks: interchanges will be accessible for almost twenty hours and missing for four hours. When the respective company will dispatch the following six satellites, they will cover the whole globe totally with no breaks. 

The Company has begun fabricating gear models for the satellite: the locally available transponder and work are nearing culmination to make a mockup of the payload module. Simultaneously, work is in progress to facilitate radio recurrence allotments for the Skif framework. 

As per the press releases, the framework fits into the idea of killing advanced disparity in Russia: starting at the year of 2017, more than two million individuals lived in the Russian Arctic and these satellites will empower them to gain admittance to the Internet from cell phones through portable telecom administrators, including future 5G administrators. 

As was accounted for before, Russia’s State Space Corporation will make a national arrangement of covering the Earth’s domain with access to the Internet. 

China All Set to Launch Relay Satellite to Moon’s Other Side On Sunday

If everything goes according to plan, China is all set to launch the robotic lunar-probeprogram on May 20th, Sunday. The Queqiao relay satellite will be launched from a Long March 4C rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center of Sichuan Province at 2100 GMT (about 5 p.m. EDT). 

As far as its route is concerned, Queqiao will head towards a gravitationally stable point, known as Earth-moon Lagrange point 2,situated at 64,000 kilometers beyond Moon’s far side. Queqiao will relay data and signals from that location to China’s revolutionary Chang’e 4 lander-rover duo and earth. Chang’e 4 lander-rover duo will be launched later this year and it is slated to be the first spacecraft to land on Moon’s far side.Earth always sees the same face of the Moon as it is tidally locked to our planet. A relay link is needed as without it the spacecraft will have to send the signals through Moon’s rocky terrain.

An ambitious astronomical experiment known as the Netherlands-China Low-Frequency Explorer will also be a part of the Queqiao program. One of the most significant works to be carried out by the explorer is searching for radio signals related to the early days of the Earth and identifying the characteristics of the Solar winds near the lunar surface. The Long March 4C will also be launching two small satellites namely, Longjiang-1 and Longjiang-2. These will be carrying out their own radio-astronomy probes.

A list of Chang’e programs have already been successful. The Chang’e 1 probe reached Moon’s orbit in 2007 and Chang’e 2 in 2010. A rover and lander were placed on the near side of the Moon by Chang’e 3 in late 2013.Chang’e 5 T1 in 2014 was another successful mission through which a sample-return capsule was sent around the Moon and back to Earth to understand the technology needed to withstand the blistering atmospheric entry. China will launch another sample-return mission in 2019, known as Chang’e 5.

The name Chang’e comes from the Chinese goddess of Moon. Queqiao refers to the “bridge of magpies’ wings” that, according to Chinese folklore, was made on the 7th night of the 7th lunar month to let Zhi Nu, the 7thdaughter of Goddess of heaven, meet her Dear husband. Longjing means “Dragon River” as its home base is Harbin Institute of Technology located in Heilongjiang Province and “Heilongjiang” means “black dragon river.”

A Photograph From Nasa’s Planet-Chasing Tess Satellite Uncovers 200,000 Stars

Another NASA telescope, cruising toward its allocated circle, investigated before it begins its definitive mission: hunting the cosmic system down outsider planets. The TESS rocket of the space center, short to transit Exoplanet Survey Satellite, radiated home one of its first photographs consumed from the sky and it’s a doozy. The photograph, which adequately sums to a trial of one of the satellite’s four cameras, contains more than two hundred thousand stars, the reputed space center exclaimed. 

That is just a small amount of the number of stars it will, in the end, consider keeping in mind the end goal to discover outsider universes out there revolving around them. “TESS is relied upon to cover more than four hundred-fold the amount of sky as appeared in this picture with its four cameras amid its underlying two-year scan for them,” space center said in an announcement. 

The satellite is intended to chase for new universes by utilizing the travel technique, implying that TESS will look for minute dunks in a star’s light as a planet goes before its host star. By identifying these travels, it can sort out somewhat about the circles of these universes and regardless of whether they may be invited to live. Altogether, the satellite’s field of view will incorporate around twenty million stars that could all play hosts to universes obscure. 

Specialists trust that it will have the capacity to discover no less than fifty planets that are around the span of Earth amid its journey.

TESS is somewhat similar to a scout,” the researcher Natalia Guerrero said in an announcement. The satellites are on this grand voyage through the entire sky, and in some ways, we have no clue what the everyday people will see. It resembles the space researches are influencing a fortune to outline. TESS still has somewhat of far to go before it starts its chase for planets outside of our nearby planetary group vigorously. It should begin its pursuit in June after researchers check to ensure that its instruments are in working request.

The scientists trust that NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope anticipated that would dispatch in the year of 2020, will have the capacity to catch up on a portion of the outcomes sent back to Earth by TESS. 

The intense telescope — outlined as the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope — is relied upon to have the capacity to scope out the environments of outsider universes, adapting more about their piece and conceivable livability

Newest Capture from NASA’s Tess spacecraft as regards to exoplanets hunting objective

It is only last month when the satellite Tess’s launch took place. By doing that, NASA aimed at exploring the happenings in the far that our country cannot reach. One may ask what the focus was exactly. The answer to this question is that TESS was to look for a specific kind of stars. They are those that not only shine on heavenly bodies but also do that with some similarities to existing exoplanets. NASA has something to tell the world and also to put into the astronauts’ record.

There is an image that TESS sent after a while of silence. Although the picture is not clear, it is far much better than having none. According to those who are studying it, some information is undetectable. One thing about it is that the scale of the mission is yet to be analyzed. On the other hand, the documentation area has to undergo an enlargement. That should be to the extent of 400 folds the area of the captured image.

Tess captured the star field that surrounds the famous constellation that goes by the name Centaurus in only two seconds focus. Wonderfully, the moment took more than 200,000 stars for study. However, this was one capture from the four cameras set in the mess to explore. The four cameras will be used during the mission to cover all regions of space in 27 days. The satellite will directly take the images from above the two orbits. These two-star fields will enable the team behind the analysis to identify any moving object.

Yesterday, Tess got gravity assistance from the moon to settle it to the nearest point of its final orbit. That is where it will be fined from in 30th May to get into virgin areas where most satellites have never reached. By doing this, the new imagery will be available frequently in hardly a fortnight interval. The results will accelerate because this satellite will be at its nearest point to the earth. Nevertheless, the most reliable image from this satellite is targeted to be some time in June.

The team hopes that things go as planned. That will, as a result, give better images for an excellent analysis. Nevertheless, they appreciate what they got recently. It is clear that there is hope after all. What is left is for them to wait for things to get better.

Space X Puts on Hold Launch of NASA and Iridium Satellites till May 22

The Space X has kept in hold the launch of two earth observation satellites from NASA. The scheduled launch for the satellites and five Iridium communication satellites were supposed to be launched on May 19. But now they have been rescheduled to be launched on May 22. 

The satellites are to be launched from a Space X Falcon 9 rocket. The entire rocket with the satellites would be launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base situated in California. The officials of Iridium had hinted earlier on May 14 that the launching might be delayed for two days. They cited the reason as minor processing issue for the delay. On May 15, that is yesterday the officials from Iridium said that the launch would be delayed by one more day due to range issues at Vandenberg.

The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow- On known as the GRACE-FO mission of NASA basically will succeed the GRACE mission whose purpose was to characterize the gravitational field of earth from its orbit. The GRACE mission did so from 2002 till 2017. 

There will be two similar looking spacecraft which will constitute the GRACE-FO. These two satellites will provide the necessary measurements. Along with those measurements and related data, it will be possible to monitor the movement of water masses and changes of earth’s mass within itself. Officials from NASA said that the climate of the earth and its impact on earth could be assessed by monitoring the unique changes in the water bodies and ice sheets of the earth.

This mission is supposed to last for five years. The NASA, as well as the German Research Center for Geosciences, is jointly venturing for this mission. Space X has a long-term relationship with Iridium. The Falcon 9 rockets from Space X have already launched 50 satellites for Iridium and are going to launch another 75 of them in the coming days. 

The lift-off on Tuesday will be the second one from the first stage of Falcon 9. Till date, there have been 25 launches of the first stages of Falcon 9. They have also re-flown the boosters 11 times. It is expected that the booster would not be landed again on Tuesday. The company CEO Elon Musk said that the new and upgraded Block 5 Falcon 9 vehicle is supposed to be better than the previous one.

Satellite Crashes on Earth after Completing Two Decades in Space

The Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) fell back on earth on April 30 after completing more than 20 years of its journey in space. It was burned up in the atmosphere after it entered. The satellite was decommissioned in the year 2012.

Probing gravitational objects in space, the satellite gave insights into black holes, neutron stars and other such gravitational objects. The main speciality of the RXTE was to probe the phenomena of X-ray with a high-resolution timing. There was hardly any other instrument which could give such precise measurements compared to the RXTE, confesses another astrophysicist at NASA. 

Originally named as the XTE, the instrument was launched in the December of 1995 from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station based in Florida. It was renamed as the RXTE in the year 1996 after the famous MIT astronomer, Bruno Rossi. He was also a pioneer in the X-ray astronomy and he died in 1993. 

The RXTE had last conveyed data on the ground on January 4, 2012. The spacecraft is especially known for its important and valuable scientific observations. NASA officials praise its achievements and confessed that the satellite has exceeded its capabilities and achieved a milestone. 

The RXTE provided its first observation on “frame dragging’ in the year 1997. This is based on the general relativity theory of Einstein. It was this instrument which observed that even though black holes can have different masses, the X-ray produced by them is quite similar. It also tracked the oscillations of the rays deep within. Where the stellar mass black holes experience changes within a few hours, the supermassive black holes experience the same changes over years. 

The mission involving RXTE also led to the discovery of the neutron star known as the magnetar. The normal neutron stars are capable of producing magnetic fields which are 10 trillion times stronger than that of the earth. The magnetar is capable of producing magnetic fields which are thousand times stronger than the earth. Till now, they have the most powerful magnetic fields in the entire universe. 

The RXTE provided data which remains valuable to the scientists in the arena of space science. For its major contributions in astronomy, five awards have been honoured to the research involving the instrument. It retired in 2012 by the NASA and yet its contribution to the scientific community remains recognised.

NASA Safety Advisory Panel Says About SpaceX’s Rocket Process Appears ‘Viable’

A few days back, the entire safety advisory group of NASA weighs in SpaceX extremely scrutinized suggestion to the load rocket propellants while some of the astronauts are aboard; saying it merely appears to be a “viable option.” There are several members of Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel was there who has described the entire story of SpaceX. Eventually, they said a fact that as long as the possible hazards can be prohibited, loading the crew before fueling is finished could be acceptable.

One of the successful and popular panel members Capt. Brent Jett Jr stated some crucial facts in the meeting. He said that he sensed some facts and along with that, he has also assumed that there are sufficient, demonstrable controls identified and also implemented for the believable hazard causes. He also stated that for those who can potentially outcome in an urgent situation, this appears some of the load-and-go, which is a viable option for the program to consider.

SpaceX and Boeing Co. each have their NASA contracts to expand separate crew capsules to transport the astronauts to the International Space Station. Both the SpaceX and Boeing are programmed to conduct unscrewed flight tests of the vehicles in August along with the proper crewed flight tests set for more than a few months later.

SpaceX’s rocket fueling process, which is also known as “load-and-go,” had come under the watchful scrutiny, most recently earlier this year when the issue came up right during the meeting of the House Committee on Science, Space as well as Technology. Hawthorne-based SpaceX uses the super-chilled liquid oxygen to make the most of the amount, which can fit in the tank and augment the rocket’s power at liftoff. But the tremendously cold temperature means this should be loaded right before its launch, and in a flight along with a crew, which means astronauts would be aboard.

In the year 2016, a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket has exploded on the Florida launch pad while propellant was being loaded into a vehicle. The specific explosion has damaged the pad and cracked a communications satellite SpaceX was set to launch. An examination later found that the “buckles” had also developed in the inner lining of one of three compounds overwrapped pressure vessels situated in the rocket’s second-stage liquid oxygen tank. SpaceX said at a certain time that the tank probably failed after the super-chilled liquid oxygen gathered in those buckles.

NASA to now welcome Science Instrument Ideas for Europa Lander Mission

NASA’s much-awaited lander mission to Jupiter’s ocean-harboring moon called Europa is expected to take shape soon. Now the agency is asking the scientists to submit their ideas and suggestions for the multibillion-dollar mission. It might include signs for any life in past or present on Europa near or at the moon’s icy surface as well as other work.

Thomas Zurbuchen, who is the head of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, revealed via Twitter on May 17, that they are now taking instrumental proposals to be included on a robotic lander, which will go to the Jupiter’s moon Europa surface. He also said the agency is looking for concepts that could help NASA and its future robotic mission on the icy world. The ideas are welcomed till 24th August and can be submitted on this link: https://go.nasa.gov/2Iu0mdf, said Thomas Zurbuchen.

Europa, a little smaller as compared to Earth’s moon, has an immense ocean of liquid water under its icy shell. NASA is currently working to develop an orbiting mission on Jupiter, known as Europa Clipper to be launched in the year 2022. The objective of this mission is to investigate about the life hosting potential of the Europa’s ocean as well as to gather data during 40 to 45 flybys, which is as close as 16 miles to the moon’s surface.

During the times of these flybys, Europa Clipper might also grab some samples. A plume of water also appears to emanate from Europa. It is still not clear if this material is emerging from the ocean or from the reservoir which is closer to the surface. As compare to clipper mission, the battery-powered Europa lander has a less solid ground.

As per the solicitation, the scientific payload of the lander would have a mass equal to 73lbs and is expected to operate for around 20 days on the Europa’s surface. The environment at Europa is quite harsh other than being cold as it falls under Jupiter’s radiation belt and therefore often gets subjected to fast-moving particles, whereas conditions are gentler in the subsurface which is covered with ice.

In the year 2015, the Congress also directed NASA to research on the possibility to add a lander component to the Europa Clipper. As per the agency, after the clipper, launching the lander separately is the best way to study more about Europa.